August 10, 2017
Farming has dropped significantly as the society advances in the modern area. Some farms were abandoned in pursuit for a different career while some is because of the lack of government support for the agricultural enhancement. As this trend posed a greater dilemma today and the years to come, it I fortunate that new technologies have been introduced to address the growing concern. One of these agricultural advancements is hydroponics farming.
Hydroponics farming is the method of growing plants, oftentimes on a large scale, by means of less soil or even soil less agriculture. This means that the plants thrive not on soil but is supported by nutrient solution in an irrigated system to make sure that the plants are being sustained sufficiently.
While many households nowadays employ the system right in their own backyard, hydroponics farming are also being used in the first world countries that have created a boost in food production addressing the economic difficulty and making the country sustainable to produce its own supply and export the produce in nearby countries.
A reason why hydroponics farming is being preferred than the traditional way is that, the procedure allows unseasonal produce to be planted and harvested. Thus this makes the produce and the crops available the entire year. Moreover, this offer more flexibility as hydroponics farming requires minimal space for planting, making the rest of the area available for other plants or may be for other uses.
Basically, there are two methods of hydroponic farming. These are the medium culture and the solution culture. The medium culture requires a medium to handle the system. A good example is the sand culture, Rockwool and the gravel culture. On the contrary, the solution culture do not use solid media for the system, but instead the nutrient solution alone.
Farmers and crops producers alike agree that hydroponics farming reduces or saves about 90 percent of water compared to the traditional method of farming. This is very great as this may not complicate the irrigation system that much.
Another would be the increase rate of the growth of the plants. With faster farming, the crops can be harvested earlier making it efficiently and effective to meet the present demand of market. This would also make the farming area available for another round of farming.
Some of the pros are as such. When you compare to vegetables grown in soil, you would need to remove the roots before you sell it off. However, with hydroponic, you can actually sell the plant with the roots still intact in the nutrients. This allows the vegetable to stay fresher for a longer period of time. Apart from that, as the plant is grown in a watery environment, the plant will not be short of water, as both water and nutrients are already provided. Even disposing of the hydroponic water is much simpler than disposing of traditional soil. Furthermore, in countries or areas with little land to grow crops or have soil with little nutrients, growing crops in soil would be difficult as only few crops can be grown at a time, and soil has to be used wisely to prevent nutrients from drying up. Hydroponics is a solution to this as the water it grows would provide enough nutrients, plus it can be stacked on top of each other, using minimal space. One of the biggest advantages of using the hydroponic farming technique is that the plants are environmentally-controlled, so soil-related diseases can be avoided, and use of pesticide can be reduced.
It is a growing issue if the produce made through this technology is safe. Hydroponics farming produce are safe from chemicals and the produce are even fresher and at high quality of yield. This also eliminates the possibilities of soil-borne diseases as this does not require the use of soil.